South Africa

Officially known as the “The Republic of South Africa”, the country is often referred to as a “world in one country” due to the abundance of historical, natural and cultural attractions it has within its boundaries. Located on the southern tip of Africa, South Africa has a long coastline that stretches along the South Atlantic as well as the Indian Ocean.

 

Historically speaking, the country has some of the oldest archaeological and human fossil sites of the world that have been discovered from the caves of Gauteng province, popularly termed as the “Cradle of humankind”. This UNESCO world heritage site includes Sterkfontein, site of the richest hominin fossil sites of the world as well as various other places rich in prehistoric remains. It was in 1652 that a European named Jan van Riebeeck established a refreshment station at Cape of good hope now known as Cape Town. It was the discovery of gold and diamonds in the area that the place became a bone of contention between the British and the Boers ( original Dutch, German, Flemish and French settlers). With the place increasingly gaining economic progress and independence, it was not long when the country gained independence from the british rule. It was on 31May 1961 that the country became a republic.  With an ethnically diverse population, there is no single culture in the country. There are over 11 different languages recognised by its constitution with English being the official language. These are Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isindebele, isixhosa and isizulu. In this regard it is second only to India in number.


Officially known as the “The Republic of South Africa”, the country is often referred to as a “world in one country” due to the abundance of historical, natural and cultural attractions it has within its boundaries. Located on the southern tip of Africa, South Africa has a long coastline that stretches along the South Atlantic as well as the Indian Ocean.

 

Historically speaking, the country has some of the oldest archaeological and human fossil sites of the world that have been discovered from the caves of Gauteng province, popularly termed as the “Cradle of humankind”. This UNESCO world heritage site includes Sterkfontein, site of the richest hominin fossil sites of the world as well as various other places rich in prehistoric remains. It was in 1652 that a European named Jan van Riebeeck established a refreshment station at Cape of good hope now known as Cape Town. It was the discovery of gold and diamonds in the area that the place became a bone of contention between the British and the Boers ( original Dutch, German, Flemish and French settlers). With the place increasingly gaining economic progress and independence, it was not long when the country gained independence from the british rule. It was on 31May 1961 that the country became a republic.  With an ethnically diverse population, there is no single culture in the country. There are over 11 different languages recognised by its constitution with English being the official language. These are Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isindebele, isixhosa and isizulu. In this regard it is second only to India in number.

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